Much More Than You Ever Imagined
The candidacy of Equatorial Guinea for a non-permanent seat on the United Nations Security Council for the 2018-2019 period was endorsed by the African Union during the 2015 Summit of Heads of State in Johannesburg. We believe Equatorial Guinea is a worthy candidate for this position and respectfully request the support of all UN member countries when the election of non-permanent members takes place on June 2 this year.
Equatorial Guinea, under the leadership of His Excellency the President of the Republic Obiang Nguema Mbasogo, has undergone a major transformation over the past two decades. After centuries of colonial rule, followed by over a decade of instability and violence, Equatorial Guinea has emerged as a model of peace, stability and rapid economic development in Africa. At the same time, our nation actively participates in regional and international affairs, always doing its utmost to promote peaceful dialogue and sustainable development.
As you can see in the pages of this brochure, as well as in the video: Equatorial Guinea, On the Road of Transformation, our country has achieved significant milestones in literacy, healthcare services, education and general infrastructure development. We have hosted two African Union summits, the South America-Africa Summit, the 4th annual Arab-Africa Summit, the Turkey-Africa Summit, the Ebola Donor Conference and numerous other important international conferences. We organized the Africa Cup of Nations, together with Gabon, in 2012, and, on very short notice organized the soccer competition again in 2015.
We also have made significant contributions to pan-African initiatives such as a $30 million contribution to the Trust Fund for Food Security in Africa, $2 million in annual support for the UNESCO-Equatorial Guinea Prize for The Life Sciences, $3 million in support of the response to the Ebola pandemic, as well as emergency aid for several countries that have suffered natural disasters.
But most importantly, Equatoguineans now enjoy many opportunities to pursue their hopes and dreams, to get a good education, either at universities at home or abroad, and to contribute to the development of Equatorial Guinea and its well-being.
As a member of the Security Council, the Government of Equatorial Guinea will devote all possible efforts and resources to support the work of the United Nations, working for sustainable peace and development for all UN members throughout the world.
Sustainable Peace for Sustainable Development
The candidature of the Republic of Equatorial Guinea for a Non-Permanent seat on the United Nations Security Council in 2018-2019, endorsed by the African Union, is ongoing. We are convinced that our country deserves a place on the Council because we are a peaceful nation and we seek peace as the supreme value enshrined in our motto: Unity, Peace and Justice.
As part of our objective to support stronger political and economic cooperation with the international community, securing a Non-Permanent seat on the Security Council offers us an opportunity to share our peace policy. In addition, a seat on the Security Council during this term will coincide with the 50th anniversary of our independence.
Equatorial Guinea is a haven for peace and prosperity in Central Africa. Our entire society is actively involved in the candidacy campaign and will continue to fight for the cause of peace and stability throughout the world. In the run-up to the 2017 election, Equatorial Guinea continues to strengthen its position in the international community, in particular by addressing issues that threaten sustainable peace, such as human rights and freedoms, poverty and poor governance.
When His Excellency Obiang Nguema Mbasogo assumed the presidency, Equatorial Guinea was bankrupt, institutions and social services practically did not exist, rates of poverty and illiteracy were extremely high,development and growth were stagnant, and the country was heavily dependent on international aid. In fact, insecurity and instability in the country caused a third of our population to flee abroad from the violence unleashed by the despotic regime of then-President Francisco Macías.
The transformation of Equatorial Guinea began in the mid-1990s after oil and gas were discovered within our borders. Today, revenues from petroleum products continue to finance infrastructure projects, strengthen human capacity, and support the country’s numerous humanitarian efforts around the world. Our commitment to democracy, especially the doctrine of peace, is vital, and our unique experience in world affairs and peace-sustainability mechanisms affords us the ability to work to maintain unity, peace and justice in the world.
A Tradition of Peace-making in Africa
Equatorial Guinea strongly supports the Security Council with its mandate to prevent and resolve conflicts. Many of the issues currently facing the Security Council focus on Africa, a region where Equatorial Guinea has a tradition of holding peace talks to mitigate conflicts in support of United Nations Member states facing insecurity and crisis.
he principal objective of Equatoguinean foreign policy is to protect and promote the national values, security, and interests of the Republic of Equatorial Guinea. Our values and interests are enshrined in our Constitution, and are fully consistent with the charters of the United Nations and the African Union.
Our foreign policy is rooted in democracy and liberalism, and we believe in the principle of non-interference in the internal affairs of United Nations member states. Our security policy permits a response to threats against peace and security at home, and support of allies abroad. As a result of visionary and able leadership, the people of Equatorial Guinea continue to experience unprecedented national unity, strategic peace and security, sustainable economic development and growth, and invaluable multilateral cooperation.
Our Priorities as a Member of the Security Council
We are pursuing a non-permanent seat on the United Nations Security Council so that we can support the Council in its global activities, and in particular its efforts to secure peace, stability and development in Africa, a continent which currently accounts for some 70 percent of the issues the Security Council deals with.
We are committed to sustainable peace for sustainable development, and as a member of the Security Council we will have the following priorities:
- Negotiations and dialogues for the peaceful resolution of armed conflicts;
- Negotiations and dialogues on the reform of the Security Council;
- Active participation in strategies to combat terrorism, illegal human trafficking,
drug trafficking, organized and cross-border crime, endemic diseases and pandemics,
extremism, xenophobia, racial discrimination and corruption;
- Active defense of human rights;
- Active participation in mitigating catastrophic effects of climate change;
- Strong support for gender equality and the empowerment of women;
Active participation in the execution of the UN 2030 and African Union 2063
agendas, in parallel with our own Horizon 2020 national program.
A Model of Peaceful Development
Equatorial Guinea is a development success story and has invariably remained committed to fulfilling the obligations of the United Nations. The socio-economic development of the country has been duly acknowledged by the United Nations and numerous civil society agencies, in particular, for our unwavering efforts to improve the quality of life of the citizens through the implementation of sustainable social programs.
Our national education system has met international standards in terms of the number of students per classroom (24); more than 74 percent of the population has access to clean water; 100 percent of HIV/AIDS diagnosis and treatment is funded by the government; and the government has joined the fight against climate change and acted to protect the environment through creating the National Institute for Forestry and Protection (INDEFOR).
According to data from major international organizations which measure development, Equatorial Guinea’s success is undeniable: it has an average level of human development on the Global Peace Index; it is among the ten most peaceful countries in Africa; its 96.8 percent literacy rate is one of the highest in Africa; and it is one of Africa’s largest oil exporters and fastest-growing economies (3 percent average annual GDP growth over the past 10 years).
In addition, the democratic values, enshrined in our Constitution create a business-friendly society which encourages private investment. A distinctive feature of Equatoguinean character and culture is the philanthropy of the people, guided by the country’s motto: Unity, Peace and Justice.
Equatorial Guinea obtaining a Non-Permanent seat on the UnitedNations Security Council will reflect the world’s trust in our leadership and our peaceful development model.
Partnerships for Peaceful Development
As part of its commitment to peaceful development, Equatorial Guinea is a member of many multilateral organizations and has entered into many agreements with nations and key international stakeholders. These relationships have strengthened our economy by providing us with the resources and expertise needed to modernize our infrastructure, including: to build and run modern healthcare facilities; to develop academic and government institutions; and to expand telecommunications and transportation networks, including roads, airports and ports.
Our key intergovernmental partners are the United Nations (UN) agencies, programs and funds, the African Union (AU), European Union (EU), Arab League (AL), Organization of American States (OAS), Association of South East Asian Nations (ASEAN), South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC), African Development Bank (AfDB), Central African Economic and Monetary Community (CEMAC), Economic Community of Central African States (ECCAS), Development Bank of Central African States (BDEAC), Central Bank of Central African States (BEAC), Africa, Caribbean, and Pacific (ACP) Group of States, and the Comunidade dos Paises de Lingua Portuguesa (CPLP) (associate).
Photo: Sam Dean
Contributions to World Peace and International Development
Equatorial Guinea’s commitment and contributions to international peace and security span decades. Our national motto, Unity, Peace and Justice, resonates with the aims of the United Nations Security Council. We believe that diplomatic cooperation and peaceful co-existence create an atmosphere that fosters respect for human rights over political ideology.
Our solidarity with the United Nations in the fight against some of the challenging situations in the world is expressed through meaningful social, economic and technical partnerships. Over the years, we have worked with our partners and neighbors to finance or host high-level social, political, economic, health and environmental events and summits, contributing to sustainable peace for sustainable development throughout the world. Some of these initiatives include:
The African Union Summit (hosted twice), the Africa Cup of Nations, the Ebola Donor Conference, the Equatorial Guinea UNESCO Prize, the Forum on China-Africa Cooperation Summit (FOCAC), Hurricane Katrina, the Transatlantic Slave Museum, Obangame Express on Maritime, 3rd International Cooperation on Financing for Development, 12th Conference on Intelligence and Security in Africa, the South America Africa Summit, the Turkey Africa Summit, and the 4th annual Arab-Africa Summit.
Great Improvements in Equatorial Guinea
According to the 2015 United Nations Development Program (UNDP) and other UN agencies and civil society organizations, Equatorial Guinea has made the following advances: those living in poverty dropped from 76.8 percent to 43.7 percent, while those living on less than $2 a day dropped to 17.38 percent; the maternal mortality rate dropped 81 percent, from 1600 to 290 deaths per 100,000 live births between 1990 and 2013, while the under-5 mortality rate declined 38 percent to 113 per 1,000 live births in 2011; and the literacy rate climbed from 88.7 to 96.8 percent, one of the highest in Africa.